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加拿大linguistics essay:杭州方言的語素The morpheme of the Hangzhou dia

時間:2019-06-20 11:22來源:未知 作者:anne 點擊:
杭州方言有七個詞,分別為平調、升調、升調、陰陽調、陰陽調。楊氏渾濁所有古音,古音渾濁和蘇爾特都是讀音。方言的聲調輪廓,杭州衡陽市的聲調值低于相應的陰聲調值。杭州方言具有復
杭州方言有七個詞,分別為平調、升調、升調、陰陽調、陰陽調。楊氏渾濁所有古音,古音渾濁和蘇爾特都是讀音。方言的聲調輪廓,杭州衡陽市的聲調值低于相應的陰聲調值。杭州方言具有復雜而豐富的連讀變調。
Hangzhou dialect, there are seven words, respectively level tone, rising tone, the rising tone, Yin and Yang, Yin and Yang. Turbidity in Yang all the ancient tones, the ancient tones turbidity and surd are read tones. Dialect tone contours, the city of HangzhouHengyang voice tone value is lower than the corresponding Yin voice tone value. Hangzhou dialect has a complex and rich even read modulation.
Initials: Hangzhou words have 30 initials. Hangzhou words complete preserved medieval dullness, namely the "ba", "fear", "climb" three-word initials contradictory. A muddy according to the voice of Yin and Yang two points. Unlike typical wu, Hangzhou words in ancient days mother, the mother read fricative; The ancient see second-class word read affricate.
首字母:杭州話有30個首字母。杭州詞完整保留了中世紀的沉悶,即“巴”、“怕”、“爬”三個詞的首字母矛盾。泥濘的聲音按陰陽兩點。不像典型的吳、杭州詞,在古代母親,母親讀摩擦;古代看二等字讀摩擦。
杭州單詞決賽:38場。與普通話相比,杭州話押韻多細胞的聲音,如有效的如果讀英語狗帶O,而普通話是讀如果你在家里。用杭州話來說一直在那里,但如盛碼頭已經全部合攏,堵住了咽喉。古鹽山是取杭州兩個字中的兩點,如:表示官。
Hangzhou words finals: 38 finals. Compared with mandarin, hangzhou words rhymes multi-cell sound, such as effective if read English dog taken o, and mandarin is read if ou in the house. Kept there in the hangzhou words, but the rusheng terminal have merged all closed at plug throat. Ancient Salt Mountain was taken in Hangzhou two words in the two points, such as: indicates an officer.
聲調:杭州話,有七個字,分別為平調、升調、升調、陰陽調、陰陽調。渾濁在陽所有古音中,渾濁古音是讀音。方言的聲調輪廓,杭州市中陽市的聲調值低于對應的陰聲調值。杭州方言具有復雜而豐富的連讀變調。
Tone: Hangzhou words, there are seven words, respectively level tone, rising tone, the rising tone, Yin and Yang, Yin and Yang. Turbidity in Yang all the ancient tones, the ancient tones turbidity and surd is read tones. Dialect tone contours, the city of HangzhouZhongYang voice tone value is lower than the corresponding Yin voice tone value. Hangzhou dialect has a complex and rich even read modulation.
白話變音:由于南宋以來的歷史直接受到普通話的影響,杭州話的白話變音較少,與其他典型的吳語相比,杭州話在漢語中讀起來更占主導地位,而不是白話。但即便如此,仍有很多詞是白色變種的發音,如:“大”、“朋友”等詞。
White variant pronunciation: because of the history since the southern song dynasty has been directly influenced by mandarin, Hangzhou words less white variant pronunciation, compared with other typical wu, Hangzhou dialect spoken in Chinese read more dominant instead of white. But even so, there are still a lot of words are white variant pronunciation, such as: "big", "friends" and other words.
Hangzhou dialect belongs to Wu district Tai Hu dialect. Due to Hangzhou words because of the influence of other dialects, and compared with the pieces of the dialect, has many characteristics. 杭州話屬于吳區太湖話。由于杭州話受其他方言的影響,與方言片段相比,具有許多特點。杭州方言僅限于杭州古城,蕭山區方言近似紹興方言,余杭區方言接近湖州方言。以浙江省杭州方言為例,臨近南宋時對其都城的思考,應該是“余杭方言和河南方言”(吳等,2017)。Hangzhou dialect is limited to the old city of Hangzhou, Xiao Shan district dialect approximation in Shaoxing dialect, while Yu Hang district dialect close to Hu Zhou dialect. Instance Hangzhou dialect in Zhejiang Province, close to the, thought about his capital in southern song dynasty, it should be "Yu hang dialect and Henan dialect"(Wu et.,al, 2017).



Reference 
Wu, Y, Tsang, Y, Wong, A, & Chen, H 2017, 'The processing of homographic morphemes in Chinese: an ERP study',Language, Cognition & Neuroscience, 32, 1, pp. 102-116, Education Source, EBSCOhost, viewed 31 March 2017.
 


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